- Title: grin-governance
- Authors: lehnberg, yeastplume
- Start date: June 24th, 2019
- Tracking issue: mimblewimble/grin-pm/#167
Evolve Grin's governance: - Define general community principles; - Convert council into core team and define its responsibilities and processes; - Introduce RFC process; - Introduce self-governing teams that steward and guide work in each of their focus areas.
Grin's governance today consists of the Grin Technocratic Council, and the rest of the community. The council came to be as there was a need for some sub-set of community members to manage the multi-sig keys of the Grin General Fund, and it became a modest first pass at a governance structure. Over time, it has come to be that a lot of responsibilities and day to day tasks are handled by Grin council members. This puts a heavy workload on council members, but it also inhibits other members of the community from becoming more engaged, contributing more, and becoming recognized for it. Naturally this implies that either the council would have to grow large in order to be able to fit all the members of the community that deserve recognition for their contributions, or that we end up not rewarding active contributors properly.
In addition, as most decisions up to this point have been taken in the bi-weekly meetings, it's come to be that decisions take time to materialize: It can take up to 14 days just to have the initial conversation and sometimes multiples of that to reach an agreement. In these meetings the entire active community ends up participating in every discussion in a synchronous fashion that often does not end up being productive.
We have also struggled to answer more fundamental questions about Grin's governance, as in how decisions are made, who has authority to make these, and what the path is for a community member who would like to take on greater responsibilities.
This is a proposal to evolve our governance process.
- Reward and recognize contributions better. Offer different ways to become more engaged and give better recognition for work
- Empower more to contribute. Encourage more community members to participate, facilitate more initiative.
- Make Grin less centralized. Rather than relying on a small group of people, share responsibilities and make the project more resilient against shocks.
- Create a more transparent process.
- Do not create fiefdoms. Do not create emperors. Nobody is the boss of anybody else.
- Do not create bureaucracy for the sake of bureaucracy. Do not impose death by a thousand papercuts or let forms and administration get in the way of making progress.
- Do not discourage contributions. Nobody can prevent someone else from doing work. Anyone can contribute in which ever way they find meaningful. You do not need to ask for permission.
This proposal outlines a set of loose principles to guide the work we do. While some of these may already be in use, they might not have been articulated before. It converts the council into a core team, and outlines its responsibilities for the first time. In addition, it's proposed that additional teams are introduced alongside it, as well as an RFC process. An initial teams breakdown is suggested, and the proposal concludes with a path to adoption.
- Lead by example. "Cypherpunks write code." We don't tell others what to do. We do what we can, and if we need to we ask for help. We suggest, but never command. We act as we want others to act.
- Not a democracy. We are evaluated based on the work we do. It's not a popularity contest, and the majority is not always right. Community members are here by their free will, participation is optional.
- Influence is measured by recent and not historical work. We are grateful for and respect historical contributions, but they do not lead to lifelong positions of authority. Influence is earned by making contributions consistently over time, allowing new contributors to join the ranks of the old.
- Transparency. Where possible, discussions and decisions are made in the open. We have nothing to hide, and we do not try to limit oversight unless there's a defensible reason to do so.
- Keep things lightweight. We strive to only put in place the minimal structure and organization that's needed, neither more nor less.
- Groups organize themselves. Structures do not need to be imposed tops down, and we recognise that what works for one group will not necessarily work for the other. Teams self-organize and define their own workflows and processes as they see fit.
- Consensus-seeking decision making. Voting creates winners and losers, and is polarizing. We recognize there are trade offs with everything and rarely any single right answer. This does not mean design by committee. We seek consensus through dialogue and discussion, but where there is a lack of consensus, we do not let it block us indefinitely. We're ready to make judgment calls to the best of our abilities.
- We speak for ourselves. We can only speak in the name of ourselves, as contributors to the project. We do not write blog posts, articles, tweets, or give interviews speaking on behalf of the project as a whole. Grin itself has no single voice.
- There's no need to ask for permission. We are not afraid to take decisions. We ask for feedback and opinions from others, but we do not need to ask for somebody's permission. If we believe it's in the best interest of Grin, we act, and are accountable for our actions.
- Mistakes are tolerated. As with any organization structure, mistakes happen. This is understood, and mistakes are accepted. We try to learn from them and improve. We assume we all act in good faith, until proven otherwise.
The existing grin council is proposed to be renamed to core team.
Over time, it's intended to be a broad representation of the wider community with diverse stakeholders.
The core team leads the wider Grin project as a whole. In particular:
- Sets overall direction and vision. Values and philosophies. Steering towards use cases and targets.
- Sets priorities and plans releases. Maintains high level planning, roadmaps, focus areas, decides on pace and the release schedule.
- Work on broader, cross-sectional issues. What falls in-between teams, taking a global view.
- Adds and removes teams. While proposals for new teams can come from anywhere, the core team is responsible to ensure structures are productive and make sense.
- Appoints initial team leadership. Once a new team is established, core appoints a leader that has the responsibility to grow the team.
- Responsible for security. Handles disclosures, vulnerabilities, audits, processes.
- Handles multi-sig keys and takes high level spending decisions. Spending proposals can be made by anyone, and teams can have their own own budgets to deal with as they please.
Organization & Processes
- There's no defined maximum size of the team.
- New members are added through a core decision; A core member can nominate a new member for inclusion, there’s discussion, and the process is consensus seeking.
- The general decision making process is consensus seeking - no majority rule based voting, but also not blocked by lack of explicit consensus.
- Core members have no explicit veto, but strong objections are considered.
- Nominations and discussions are kept private.
- The term of core members is currently undefined but may change in the future.
- A core member can resign by notifying the rest of the team.
- If unreachable for 30 days without any news, a core member can be removed through a core decision.
- The core team does not make rulings on RFCs of other teams, although individual team members might also participate in the discussions of sub teams or be members of those teams.
- Meeting notes should be published and made transparent to the community on a regular basis.
An RFC is a Request For Comments document, outlining a proposed improvement or design change to an area of Grin. The exact specifics for the template is TBD. They are kept in their own dedicated repo and need to be accepted before a pull request is merged. Their purpose is to outline a standardized way of making proposals and allow the community to discuss and evaluate whether something is worth doing. Having an RFC accepted means that there's support "in theory" for the suggestion. It does not mean that a change becomes implemented automatically or in the exact way it is proposed, it is high-level design. The work still needs to be carried out. Accepted RFCs guide the broader planning work.
Teams are groups organized around specific areas or knowledge fields. They are responsible for these areas, but do not do all the work. Anyone can contribute anywhere, and do not need to hold a particular title to do so.
Rather, teams work on policies, processes, and workflows for their specific areas, as required. They are in charge of the RFC process in their specific field: They determine what requires an RFC in their area, they assign RFC shepherds that guide an RFC through its various stages and ensures the right stakeholders become aware of it and solicit their feedback. Ultimately, teams decide whether an RFC in their area should be accepted or rejected. They are responsible to ensure that each RFC in their area has a tracked status, and that they progress towards an outcome.
Teams self-organize, but should be inclusive and adhere to community values. They should have a leader, often this leader may be part of the core team. They determine how members get added to the team. They should include area experts, and stakeholders. The decision making process should be consensus-seeking where possible.
Teams can be broken down into smaller working groups or teams, permanent or temporary, as required and is seen necessary for them to be productive.
Each team has a dedicated section on the forum, they should meet regularly, and keep some notes on what was covered and decided. Decisions do not need to happen in meetings, and could for example be handled asynchronously or in the RFC process.
Meeting notes should be published and made transparent to the community on a regular basis.
In addition to Core team, the following teams are proposed to be created initially.
Node development. Core Grin technology, changes and optimizations to the node and anything consensus related, research and discussion of new technologies, proof of work.
Wallet development. wallet technology, wallet API, wallet-related research.
Infrastructure. Technical documentation, non-technical documentation, QA, testing, toolchain, developer productivity, guides, how-tos.
Ecosystem. 3rd party developers interaction (wallets, pools, exchanges and others), integration and technical assistance, growing the grin ecosystem, stakeholder collaboration.
Community. Onboarding of new community members, website, chat channels, conferences, events, meetups.
Fundraising. Sponsorships, donations, activities to increase project funds.
Moderation. Code of conduct, handles violations, across all areas of the project. To avoid biases and conflicts of interest, this team does not contain any member of the core team.
In case of conflicts, disagreement, or dissent
Teams are created and appointed by the core, and core can decide to re-organize team structures and shut down dysfunctional teams. This is a "nuclear" option, such decisions should not be taken lightly. The repercussions of such actions can be worse than the initial situation.
In practice, core team members might be engaging with teams as individual contributors. It is however not expected that "the core team" will become involved in the responsibilities of individual teams. Core sets the overall direction for the project, but should not micro manage teams as this defeats the entire purpose of having these teams in the first place.
If there are conflicts within teams, these should ideally be resolved within the teams themselves. If this is not possible and there's contentious disagreements that need outside arbitration, teams can invite core or another team to become involved.
- Adds a lot more structure. This might create overhead.
- Could lead to infighting and conflict between teams.
- Could lead to situations where one team does work that conflicts with other teams, "left hand not talking to the right".
Rationale and alternatives
- Keep the process as is.
- Change the process to something else.
Python conducted a comprehensive survey of the governance structures of various open source projects in 2018 through PEP-8002. This document is highly recommended reading for various alternative structures.
Far too many to all be listed here, but here are some:
- Is this too much structure for the amount of active contributors we have?
- Does this approach really address the problems as highlighted in the motivation?
- Does this legitimize the core team enough in the community?
- Introduce more teams
- Introduce an electorate
- Introduce terms
- Define firmer structures and organizational rules
Rust's governance process
Swarmwise, by Rick Falkvinge